弗林德斯代寫assignment:Foucault’s theory on subjectiv
弗林德斯代寫assignment:Foucault’s theory on subjectivity
Foucault, as a representative of poststructuralist theorist, defines subjectivity as the product of culture and power, as opposed to those who see it as innate and naturally occurring. In his point of view, subject is a construct. It is not born with all its nature and scope embodied in a preliminary form, but is shaped and formed by the broad relationships of power existed everywhere in society. Foucault states that the subject is contrived by the resultant work of both power and knowledge, the extent of whose cooperation is so coordinated that he adopts a single term “power/knowledge” to describe it. According to Foucault, as the power grows with time, it develops new knowledge of human beings, which is employed to distinguish abnormal behavior from normal ones. As in the same way as Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the key forerunners of Foucault’s work, regards the morality as a counter-strike against the powerful, Foucault sees the knowledge and its discourses as merely instruments of power to achieve a total organization of human populations. It can thus be inferred that, culture, as a form of human knowledge shaped by geology, population, ethnics, etc., can be an embodiment of power that construct subjectivity. In this essay, the subjectivity discussed to elaborate the claim is performance/performativity and habitus.