歷史學家們對“童年”的概念有分歧。白羊座，De Mause和石相信有了變化而在整個時間，，Pollock，阿天和Abbott的狀態，有一個“連續性”的童年。鱈魚（1983）說：“即使過去人們對孩子有不同的看法，這并不意味著他們不被視為孩子”。（莫爾斯，J.的幾個社會建設的杰姆斯，詹克斯和普洛特。童年的社會學理論的貢獻。國際兒童rights.2002-01雜志。卷10。1號，PP 39-54）。過去人們認為孩子們都是一樣的，一個“普世的”或“正常的”孩子。后來關于兒童健康和福利的研究發現了這些對兒童的誤解，這些兒童時代的觀點的變化，已經被社會科學家和所謂的“社會建構”研究了，他們認為，在不同的社會中，兒童是怎樣的并不完全相同。對他們的期望也是不同的。一個預先設想的想法是，英國的兒童可能會被視為依賴和無能，而在世界其他地方，兒童有許多責任，并期望每天應付。然而，僅僅因為兒童可以，并不意味著他們應該這樣做。社會學是對人類社會的研究，提供對我們所生活的社會的理解。兒童社會學受家庭、健康、收入、教育、政治問題和環境等外界因素的影響。通過對童年社會學的研究，本文將了解如何通過互動，影響兒童和整個社會如何塑造和約束兒童。社會學研究方法包括觀察、訪談和統計。
Historians are divided in their ideas of what constitutes 'childhood'. Aries, De Mause and Stone believe there have been changes throughout time, whereas, Pollock, O Day and Abbott state that there is a 'continuity' of childhood. Pollock (1983) argues "even if children were regarded differently in the past, this does not mean they were not regarded as children". (Morss, J. The several social constructions of James, Jenks and Prout. A contribution to the sociological theorization of childhood. International journal of children's rights.2002-01. Vol. 10. No. 1, pp 39-54). In the past it was thought children were all the same, a 'universal' or 'normal' child. Later research, into child health and welfare has identified these misconceptions of childhood.These changes in the opinions of what childhood is, has been researched by social scientists and termed 'social construction', which regards how- children, in different societies are not all the same. The expectations put on them are also different. A pre conceived idea is that children in the UK may be seen to be dependent and incompetent, whereas in other parts of the world children have many responsibilities and are expected to cope with on a daily basis. However, just because children can, does not mean they should.Sociology is the study of human societies, providing an understanding of the society in which we live. The sociology of childhood is affected by outside influences such as family, health, income, education, political issues and the environment. Through studying the sociology of childhood, the essay will give an understanding of how, through interaction, children may be influenced and how society as a whole portrays and puts constraints on children. Sociological research methods include observations, interviews and statistics.