在美國和英國的教育領域有許多研究文章和研究成果。他們當中大部分人認同校長所擔當的主要領導角色，以協助教師發展成為自信、投入、具專業知識及專業知識、與同事合作及在班級內外擔當領導角色的專業人士。(哈里斯，a .和蘭伯特，L. 2003)校長是一種環境的促進者，這種環境導致權力從金字塔頂端轉移到那些與學習者密切合作的人——即教師——的范式轉移。這種將責任和權力轉移給教師的模式導致了共同決策，這對學校改革和全球需求的變化至關重要。各種研究結果表明，教師賦權與校長的社會吸引力(與教師的相似性)和可信度(為了學校利益而壓抑自身利益的意愿)最為密切相關.
<标题> A variety of research articles and their findings are present in the field of education in USA and UK. Most of them agree on the key leadership roles assumed by the school principals to help teachers to develop as professionals who are confident and committed, possess specialized knowledge and expertise, collaborate with colleagues and undertake leadership roles both within and outside their classes.( Harris, A. and Lambert, L. 2003) Principals are the promoters of a environment which results in a paradigm shift of powers from those at the top of pyramid to those who are working in close collaboration with the learners- that is the teachers. This mode of shifting responsibilities and power to teachers results in shared decision-making, which is essential to school reform and to the changing demands in a global world.Results of various studies indicate that teacher empowerment is most closely related to principal’s social attractiveness (perceived similarity to teachers) and trustworthiness (perceived willingness to suppress one’s own self-interest for the benefit of the school