傳統上，以國家間關系為框架的國際體系是“放任的剝削”。很少有國家和個人的活動和國際法的規定，國家可以援引主權豁免，除了他們自愿批準的協議。國際環境法已經通過傳統的法學、國際法、傳統教義的主權光，SiC utere站。由于國家制度的出現，環境協議被“統治”這些學說。（南大，1995；P1）。因此，各國有權決定他們將批準什么國際協定。只有當他們選擇批準一個特定的協議，他們獲得國際立場的任何協議涉及。SiC utere指出，沒有人被允許使用他們的財產在這樣一種方式來傷害另一個人的財產的原則。即使在今天，許多所謂的國際環境法仍然遵循這些原則，國際環境法只是國際法的一部分，而不是一個單獨的，獨立的學科。傳統的環境秩序本質上是一種自由放任的制度，面向無限制的國家自由。對在一個特設的方式出現，這些都是基于美國以外的環境保護因素的完全的自由只局限性。近年來，在日益惡化的環境條件和擔心未來的幾代人也不會有多少繼承的觀點，世界意識到這種放任的態度并不總是有效的，它的制定法體，是專門針對環境的保護成為必要。因此，國際環境法的完整定義應包括環境法和一般國際法在內的環境法。因此，國際環境法可以被定義為國際法，公共和私人，這是有關環境問題或問題的整個語料庫。因此，國際環境法是不折不扣地運用國際法律環境問題（Birnie和波義耳，2002；PP 1-2）。那么什么是環境問題？
<标题> Traditionally, the international system which evolved as a framework of relationships between states was of “permissive exploitation”. There was little regulation of the activities of states and individuals and under international law; states could invoke sovereign immunity except for the agreements which they voluntarily ratified. International environmental law has developed through conventional law and in light of traditional doctrines of international law, sovereignty, sic utere and standing. Since the emergence of the state system, environmental agreements have been ‘governed’ by these doctrines. (Nanda, 1995; p1). Therefore, states have the power to decide what international agreements they will ratify. Only when they have chosen to ratified a particular agreement do they acquire international standing with regards to whatever the agreement relates. The doctrine of sic utere states that no one is allowed to use their property in such a way as to harm the property of another. Even today, much of what is called international environmental law is still governed by these principles.International environmental law is merely part of international law as a whole rather than a separate, self-contained discipline. The traditional order of the environment is essentially a laissez-faire system oriented towards the unrestricted freedom of states. The only limitations on the total freedom of states emerged in an ad hoc fashion and these have been based on factors other than the protection of the environment.In recent times, in the view of deteriorating environmental conditions and the fear that the future generations would not have much to inherit, the world realised that this laissez-faire attitude would not always be effective and it became necessary to develop a body of law that is specifically aimed at the protection of the environment. A full definition of international environmental law should therefore encompass both the specifically environment laws and general international law as regards the environment. Thus, international environmental law could be defined as the entire corpus of international law, public and private, which is relevant to environmental issues or problems. Therefore, international environmental law is nothing more and nothing less than applying international law to environmental problems (Birnie and Boyle, 2002; pp 1-2). So what are environmental problems?