包容是一個在整個教育系統中經常使用的術語，可以簡單地定義為被包容。Booth和Ainscow(2011)將包容定義為對所有學生一視同仁。包容能讓有或沒有特殊教育需求和殘疾的學生在主流學校一起學習。全納教育是一個正在發展的概念。Booth和Ainscow(2002)認為，雖然全納教育通常被理解為普通學校對殘疾兒童的教育，但它是一個更廣泛的概念。他們指出，全納教育是指一種制度，消除學校教育和教育的各個方面的排斥，確保學術成就和在生活中進一步發展。《教育法案》(2011年)堅持認為，學生的成績不能受到性別、種族、殘疾、社會階層或其他與能力無關的障礙的影響。克服這些潛在的教育障礙證明了有效的包容性做法。教育在全球發展中至關重要，教育不僅使兒童受益，而且使他們的家庭、社區和國家受益。國際發展部(摘自邁爾斯和辛格爾，2010:3)認為，教育改善就業前景，促進健康和較不發達國家的良好教育水平，并可在國家重建中發揮作用。Tomasevski(引自Miles & Singal, 2010:3)和國際勞工組織(2002)指出，教育有助于消除一些國家的童工現象。
Inclusion is a term frequently used throughout the education system and can be defined simply as being included. Booth and Ainscow (2011) define inclusion as valuing all students equally. Inclusion enables pupils with or without any special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) to learn together in mainstream schools Inclusive education is a developing concept. Booth and Ainscow (2002) argue that whilst inclusive education is generally understood as the education of children with disabilities in regular schools, it is a much broader concept. They state that inclusive education refers to a system that removes exclusion from all aspects of schooling and education which ensures academic achievement and progression further in life.The Education Act (2011) insists that it is unacceptable for pupil’s attainment to be affected by gender, race, disability and social class or any other barrier unrelated to ability. Overcoming these potential barriers to education demonstrates effective inclusive practice. Education is vital in global developments and not only does education benefit children, but also their families, communities and countries. The Department for International Development (n.d. cited in Miles and Singal, 2010: 3) believe that education improves job prospects, promotes health and a good standard of education in less developed countries and could play part in a national reconstruction. Tomasevski (cited in Miles & Singal, 2010:3) and The International Labour Organization (2002) state that education has helped eliminate child labour in some countries.
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